The fava beans we planted 16 days ago finally came up yesterday. They have been delayed by cold weather: April has been a bit wintry in spite of the La Niña. Recent prognostic discussion credits the MJO (Madden-Julien Oscillation) with modulating the affect of this La Niña on the continental US. The spinach is doing well, a few turnips survived, but no carrots at all. We'll sow again this afternoon.