Rasterio cookbook recipe number one
I got a nice message today from a developer who found rasterio to be the right tool for scaling the values of a 15 GB LiDAR DEM. Here’s the code.
import numpy as np import rasterio """ 2014-02-13 Bryan Luman Use it however you like at your own risk Problem: I have a huge DEM converted from LiDAR LAS points. I'd like to make it slightly less massive for further processing. All my z values are between 682 and 869 feet stored as float32. If I convert them to centimeters and they will fit well within a 16 bit unsigned integer. This saves a significant amount of storage space and greatly reduces any type of future analysis. """ CM_IN_FOOT = 30.48 with rasterio.drivers(): with rasterio.open('massive_dem_as_float') as src: kwargs = src.meta kwargs.update( driver='GTiff', dtype=rasterio.uint16, count=1, compress='lzw', nodata=0, bigtiff='YES' # Output will be larger than 4GB ) windows = src.block_windows(1) with rasterio.open( 'less_massive_dem_with_as_int.tif', 'w', **kwargs) as dst: for idx, window in windows: src_data = src.read_band(1, window=window) # Source nodata value is a very small negative number # Converting in to zero for the output raster np.putmask(src_data, src_data < 0, 0) dst_data = (src_data * CM_IN_FOOT).astype(rasterio.uint16) dst.write_band(1, dst_data, window=window)
This uses the windowed read and write and windows iterator features of rasterio that I worked on with Asger Skovbo Petersen.
Do you have any more short rasterio code examples? I’d love to start collecting these into a cookbook of sorts.